Relationship of Quality of Life, Resilience, and Associated Factors Among Emergency Nurses During Covid-19 in Saudi Arabia

Keywords: COVID-19, ED nurses, quality of life, resilience, Saudi Arabia


The COVID-19 pandemic made a lot of effects in the people life during 2020, plus of this it corresponding to a lot of bad consequences results in increasing of death. While in the medical field nursing had effected by this pandemic in their quality of life and all of activities.Propose:This study was conducted at King Khalid Hospital (KKH) in Saudi determine the relationship between quality of life, resilience, and associated factors among ED nurses during COVID-19 pandemic.Methods:The study sample consisted of (77) nurses working in KKH who are available during the period of the study. The data was collected by using a questionnaire design for the study of nursing demographic data and a cross-sectional, descriptive survey design for nurse regarding to tool included QOL, resilience scales tool included QOL, resilience scales.Data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) (Version 20) presented in tables and figures.Results: The study showed thatseventy-seven working nurses completed survey with a score of 98.7%. The majority (n = 77, 98.7%) were between 24 and 54 years old, and the mean years of work experience was 13 (SD= 0.817). There was only Few of the male nurses 7.7 %( n = 6) respondents. The correlation of the environment (r=0.43, P<0.035) (M=27.1) and Psychological factors was (0510, P<0.003) (M=20.3) was high. While when comparing the scores of qualities of life of ED nurses in the other factors like social (M= 10.6) were low among ED nurses. We found a poor score of QOL by 38% and poor resilience by 11.3%.Conclusion: on light of the study results it can be concluded that resilience was the strongest factor and its related to quality of life among daily activities recommendation: The study recommended that emphasis should be placed on comparing with pre-pandemic data or tracking developments during the pandemic.

Author Biography


Nursing Service Department Sharaf Hospital, Hail City


1- Carmassi, C., Foghi, C., Dell'Oste, V., Cordone, A., Bertelloni, C. A., Bui, E., &Dell'Osso, L. (2020). PTSD symptoms in healthcare workers facing the three coronavirus outbreaks: What can we expect after the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry research, 292, 113312.‏
2- Asante, J. O., Li, M. J., Liao, J., Huang, Y. X., &Hao, Y. T. (2019). The relationship between psychosocial risk factors, burnout and quality of life among primary healthcare workers in rural Guangdong province: a cross-sectional study. BMC health services research, 19(1), 1-10.‏
3- Chesak, S. S., Khalsa, T. K., Bhagra, A., Jenkins, S. M., Bauer, B. A., &Sood, A. (2019). Stress Management and Resiliency Training for public school teachers and staff: A novel intervention to enhance resilience and positively impact student interactions. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 37, 32-38.‏
4- Baskin, R. G., & Bartlett, R. (2021). Healthcare worker resilience during the COVID‐19 pandemic: An integrative review. Journal of nursing management, 29(8), 2329-2342.‏
5- Caldeira, S., & Timmins, F. (2016). Resilience: synthesis of concept analyses and contribution to nursing classifications. International nursing review, 63(2), 191-199.‏
6- Solano, J. P. C., Bracher, E. S. B., Faisal-Cury, A., Ashmawi, H. A., Carmona, M. J. C., LotufoNeto, F., & Vieira, J. E. (2016). Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Dispositional Resilience Scale among Brazilian adult patients. Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria, 74, 1014-1020.‏
7- Rice, V., & Liu, B. (2016). Personal resilience and coping with implications for work. Part I: A review. Work, 54(2), 325-333.‏
8- Mendelson, M., Nel, J., Blumberg, L., Madhi, S. A., Dryden, M., Stevens, W., & Venter, F. W. D. (2021). Long-COVID: An evolving problem with an extensive impact. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 111(1), 10-12.‏
9- Alharbi, M. F., Alahmadi, B. A., Alali, M., &Alsaedi, S. (2019). Quality of nursing work life among hospital nurses in Saudi Arabia: A cross‐sectional study. Journal of Nursing Management, 27(8), 1722-1730.‏
10- Maqsood, M. B., Islam, M. A., Naqvi, A. A., Al Qarni, A., Al-Karasneh, A. F., Iffat, W.,&Haseeb, A. (2021). Assessment of quality of work life (QWL) among healthcare staff of intensive care unit (ICU) and emergency unit during COVID-19 outbreak using WHOQoL-BREF. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 29(11), 1348-1354.‏
11- Alves, P. C., Oliveira, A. D. F., &Paro, H. B. M. D. S. (2019). Quality of life and burnout among faculty members: How much does the field of knowledge matter?.PLoS One, 14(3), e0214217.‏
12- Keener, T. A., Hall, K., Wang, K., Hulsey, T., &Piamjariyakul, U. (2021). Quality of life, resilience, and related factors of nursing students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nurse Educator, 46(3), 143-148.‏
13- Casamali, F. F. C., Schuch, F. B., Scortegagna, S. A., Legnani, E., & De Marchi, A. C. B. (2019). Accordance and reproducibility of the electronic version of the WHOQOL-BREF and WHOQOL-OLD questionnaires. Experimental gerontology, 125, 110683.‏
14- Wollny, A. I., & Jacobs, I. (2021). Validity and reliability of the german versions of the CD-RISC-10 and CD-RISC-2. Current Psychology, 1-12.‏
15- Di Monte, C., Monaco, S., Mariani, R., & Di Trani, M. (2020). From resilience to burnout: Psychological features of Italian general practitioners during COVID-19 emergency. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 2476.
16- Keener, T. A., Hall, K., Wang, K., Hulsey, T., &Piamjariyakul, U. (2020). Relationship of quality of life, resilience, and associated factors among nursing faculty during COVID-19. Nurse Educator, 46(1), 17-22.‏
17- Giusti, E. M., Pedroli, E., D'Aniello, G. E., StrambaBadiale, C., Pietrabissa, G., Manna, C., StrambaBadiale, M., Riva, G., Castelnuovo, G., & Molinari, E. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on health professionals: A cross-sectional study. Frontiers in Psychology, 11.
How to Cite
ALANEZI, N. K. (2023). Relationship of Quality of Life, Resilience, and Associated Factors Among Emergency Nurses During Covid-19 in Saudi Arabia. IJO - International Journal of Health Sciences and Nursing ( ISSN: 2814-2098 ), 6(09), 01-20. Retrieved from